United Kingdom at a glance

Capital: London pop. 8,908,081 (2018)
Largest City: London pop. 8,908,081 (2018)
Official Language: English
Recognised regional languages: Irish Scottish Gaelic Scots Ulster-Scots Welsh Cornish
Government: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with federal elements
Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II
Prime Minister: Boris Johnson MP
Legislature: Parliament
- Upper house: House of Lords
- Lower house: House of Commons
Formation Acts
- Acts of Union 1707 1 May 1707
- Acts of Union 1800 1 January 1801
- Anglo-Irish Treaty 6 December 1922
Date of admission into UN: 24 October 1945
Date of admission into EU: 1 January 1973
Withdrawal from the European Union: 31 January 2020
[The British government led by David Cameron on 23 June 2016 held a referendum on its membership of the European Union, also known as the "Brexit" referendum, and a majority voted to leave the European Union. On 29 March 2017, Theresa May's administration invoked Article 50 (that sets out the process by which member states may withdraw from the European Union) of the Treaty on the European Union in a letter to the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk. In March 2019, the UK parliament voted for May to ask the EU to delay Brexit until April, and then later October. Having failed to get her agreement approved, May resigned as prime minister in July and was succeeded by Boris Johnson. He sought to replace parts of the agreement and vowed to leave the EU by the new deadline. On 17 October 2019, the UK government and EU agreed a revised withdrawal agreement, with new arrangements for Northern Ireland. Parliament approved the agreement for further scrutiny, but rejected plans to pass it into law before the 31 October deadline, and forced the government (through the 'Benn Act') to ask for a third Brexit delay. An early general election was then held on 12 December 2019. The Conservatives won a majority in that election, with Johnson declaring that the UK would leave the EU on 31st January 2020. The withdrawal agreement was ratified by the UK on 23 January, by the EU on 30 January, and entered into force on 31 January. There would then be a transition period until at least 31 December 2020, where the future relationship will be negotiated.]
Total Surface Area UK: 243,610 km2 (80th) - 94,060 sq mi
Total Water Area UK: 1.34 %
UK Population: 67,545,757 [2019 Estimate] (22nd in the world)
Density: 270.7/km2 (50th) - 701.1/sq mi
Currency: Pound sterling (GBP)
British Ethnic groups (2001): 92.1% White
4.0% South Asian
2.0% Black
1.2% Mixed
0.4% Chinese
0.4% other

GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate:
- Total $2.316 trillion (8th)
- Per capita $36,728

GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate:
- Total $2.434 trillion (6th)
- Per capita $38,591

Gini Coefficient (2008–2009) 41-medium
Human Development Index (2013) 0.875-very high (26th)
Time zone: GMT (UTC+0) - Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Date format: dd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on the: left
Calling code: +44
ISO 3166 code: GB
Internet TLD: .uk
Anthem: God Save the Queen
Motto: "Dieu et mon droit" ("God and my right")
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